To simplify the subject of diamond grading, the 4Cs relate to cut, colour, clarity and carat weight - a universal language that was established with the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and introduced to the public by De Beers. The combination of these factors determines a diamond`s relative rarity and value.
Birthstones are gemstones that are associated with a birth month, each having a unique meaning and historical significance. The popularity of birthstones dates back to ancient times when civilizations believed that gemstones had incredible powers such as luck, health and prosperity. Traditionally, each month is associated with a single gemstone, but some months have multiple birthstones.
The Mohs scale was developed by German mineralogist Friedrich Mohs and is a scale used by gemologists to classify a gem mineral’s resistance to scratching or in other words “the difficulty or ease with which one mineral can be scratched by another”.
Silver & Gold Hallmarks
A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal, mostly to certify the content of noble metals—such as platinum, gold, silver and in some nations, palladium. In a more general sense, the term hallmark can also be used to refer to any distinguishing characteristic.